Factors Affecting Postgraduates Nursing Students' Satisfaction as Indicator of Academic Quality

Asmaa Soliman Abdel Khalik,


Postgraduate nursing education is a growth process involving planned learning experiences designed to promote the development of knowledge, skills, and attitudes for the enhancement of nursing practice, thus improving healthcare to the public. Postgraduate students are matured persons, building an academic career path after their bachelor degree or higher education. More education brings more opportunity and many doors are open to nurses with master's and doctoral degrees. However, it has challenges of diverse natures.
The aim of this study was to identify the factors affecting postgraduate nursing students' satisfaction as indicator of academic quality. This descriptive study was conducted at the Faculties of Nursing, at Ain Shams and Monufiya Universities. It included a sample of 213 master or doctoral students registered during the academic year 2014/2015. A self-administered questionnaire sheet was used to collect the data. It included a part for demographic characteristics, and a main part intended to identify the factors affecting students' satisfaction at the study setting. The validity of the tool was done through a jury group and a pilot test showed its high reliability. The fieldwork was from November 2014 to March 2015. The results showed the following findings.
• Students' median age was 34 years, with 77.5% females, 98.6% employed, and 57.3% married.
• The highest percentage were in Nursing Administration (19.2%) and Community Health Nursing (18.3%), while the lowest percentages were in Medical/Surgical Nursing (5.6%o); 73.7% were in master degree level.
• The most agreed upon administrative factor affecting students' satisfaction with academic quality was the opportunity to register for the desired specialization, while the availability of guidelines for postgraduate program had the lowest.
• Among the academic factors, the highest was upon the proportion of faculty members for students, whereas the lowest was for the availability of a questionnaire to know the opinion of students about the academic advisor.
• The library factors with the highest affecting were the cleanliness, lighting, total area, and the availability of a list of the names and numbers of theses to facilitate search, while the library borrowing system had the lowest affecting.
• The psychological factor with the highest affecting was justice in treatment and the lowest was upon the availability of channels of expression or complaint.
• The safety factor with the highest affecting was the availability of faculty security while the lowest agreement was the availability of crisis management operations room.
• Among the faculty factors, the highest affecting was upon its general appearance whereas the availability of a faculty health clinic had the lowest.
• The organization factor with highest affecting was the efficiency of staff, and the lowest was the system of receiving students' complaints.
• All the learning environment factors had high affecting except the availability of comfortable seats in lecture halls.
• In total, the learning environment factors had the highest score of affecting (median 3.86) followed by the organizational factors (median =3.50). Conversely, the academic and faculty factors (median 3.00) were the least affecting.
• Postgraduate nursing students in Monufiya University had higher percentages of agreement upon all factors, except for the psychological and learning environment factors.
• The percent of high affecting upon the psychological factors was lowest among the students in the age group 30 to <35 years (p=0.03).
• Female postgraduate nursing students had significantly higher percentages of agreement upon library (p=0.02), safety/security (p=0.001), organizational (p=0.049), and learning environment (p=0.048) factors.
• The married students had significantly higher percentages of agreement upon all the factors except the psychological (p=0.051) and faculty (p=0.08) ones.
• The percentages of students with high agreement were significantly higher among those at the doctoral degree level for all the factors (p<0.001).
• The students in obstetrics/ gynecology/ maternal/ neonate specialties had the highest scores of agreement upon all factors (p<0.001).
• Statistically significant moderate to strong positive correlations were revealed among the scores all categories of factors.
• A weak, negative, and statistically significant (r=-0.145) correlation was revealed between postgraduate nursing students' scores of agreement upon the library factors and their age.

Other data

Title Factors Affecting Postgraduates Nursing Students' Satisfaction as Indicator of Academic Quality
Other Titles العوامل المؤثرة على رضا طلبة تمريض الدراسات العليا كمؤشر لجودة التعليم الجامعي
Authors Asmaa Soliman Abdel Khalik
Issue Date 2016
URI http://research.asu.edu.eg/handle/12345678/26921

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