Factors Affecting Quality of Life among Patients Undergoing Hemodialysis Program

Sae`d Mohamed Zein Abedein Abu El-Kass,

Abstract


Summary
A
lthough advances in dialysis treatment have contributed to improved survival of patients with end-stage renal disease (ESRD), quality of life (QoL) is much lower for those patients than for the general population. Understanding factor that influence well-being will allow nurses to focus on specific interventions for enhancing QoL. So, the present study was conducted to assess the QoL exhibited by patients undergoing hemodialysis (HD) and the factors that might affect their QoL.
Aim of the Study
To assess factors that affecting quality of life among patients undergoing Hemodialysis, through the following;
• Identify the factors affecting quality of life among patients undergoing hemodialysis.
• Assess the effect of quality of life dimensions (physical, psychological, social, and spiritual) on patients undergoing Hemodialysis.
Research question:
• What are the factors that affecting the quality of life dimensions among patients undergoing Hemodialysis?
Research design: A descriptive design was used.

Research Setting:
The study was conducted at Hemodialysis units in Gaza Strip at El-Shifa hospital.
Subjects size and characteristics:
Data was collected from 93 adult patients were: Conscious adult male and female patients, age 19-59 years old as the most common age in dialysis units, diagnosed with ESRD, Hypertensive patient due to diagnosis ESRD and receiving maintenance HD for> 12 months.
Tools of data collection:
Two tools were used for data collection related to this study:
[1] A questionnaire sheet developed by the researcher, based on the literature review, it consisted of two parts.
 Part I: It is concerned with demographic data about the subjects: includes age, sex, marital status, educational level, occupation, place of residence, type of home, income, work status etc.
 Part II: It is includes questions about past and present history of the disease, duration on hemodialysis and number of session/week, duration etc.
[2] Kidney disease quality of life short form (KDQoL-SF™) version 1.3. (1997) (Appendix B): It was developed and validated by Hays, Kallich, Mapes, Carter, & Coons (1997) to measure QoL and the burden of disease for patients with ESRD; in our study it was adapted and modified by the researcher, for assessing the health related quality of life (QoL) which include:
1- Physical well-being.
2- Psychological well-being.
3- Social well-being.
4- Spiritual well-being.
The main findings of the study can be summarized as following:
• As regards age, 40.8% of the studied sample was within age group of 19-34 years old with a mean age 42.61±12.68 years. 53% of the studied sample were female and 68% declared being married. 22% of the studied sample were illiterate, 53% was some secondary and 85% wereunemployed and laid off, also. Only 1% working full-time and about 14% working Part-time. 34% having seven to ten members in their family. 77% of the studied subjects had low income monthly (less than 100 dollars). 73% of the studied sample was dialyzed three sessions /week.


Other data

Title Factors Affecting Quality of Life among Patients Undergoing Hemodialysis Program
Other Titles العوامل التي تؤثر على جودة الحياة بين المرضى الخاضعين لبرنامج الاستصفاء الدموى المتكرر
Authors Sae`d Mohamed Zein Abedein Abu El-Kass
Issue Date 2016
URI http://research.asu.edu.eg/handle/12345678/28588

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