Physico-Chemical and Mechanical Properties of Geopolymer Cement Pastes

Aya allah Mahmoud Ebrahim


Abstract: The alkali activation of waste materials has become an important area of research because of the possibility for using industrial wastes like ground granulated blast furnace slag (GGBFS) to convert them to useful environmental friendly, inexpensive and technologically advantageous cementitious materials. In this study, thermal stability as well as sulphate resistance of alkali activated slag (AAS) pastes prepared from Ground Granulated Blast Furnace Slag (GGBFS) and 5% fly ash (FA) are examined. AAS pastes are accelerated using alkaline solution of sodium hydroxide with concentration 1, 1.5 and 2 M and sodium silicate with fixed concentration (0.28 mol/Kg). AAS pastes exposed to 5% MgSO4 solution and to high temperature (200, 400, 600 and 800 oC). The compressive strength, bulk density, total porosity, chemically combined water content and phase composition are determined in this study. Concentration of 2M NaOH with 5% FA promotes the best properties of AAS pastes that exhibit the highest resistance to firing up to 400oC by achieving the greatest compressive strength. However, AAS pastes activated by 2M NaOH give a high sulphate resistance.

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Issue Date 2018

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