Prevalance of Parasitic Diseases in Preschool Children and its Effect on Growth Status in Damanhour City

Ayman Mohamed Abd El hady Badr


The aim of this study was to assess the prevalence of parasitic diseases in preschool children and its effect on their growth status in Damanhour city, Elbehera Governorate, Egypt. This study was conducted on 500 preschool children (2-6years) living in different areas in Damanhour City, Elbehera Governorate, Egypt. They were taken randomly after excluding Children with systemic diseases or hereditary blood disease, also children taking antihelmenthic drugs during the last 6 months or having history of blood transfusion. The present study revealed that prevalence of parasitic infestation among preschool children was 52.2%, regarding protozoal infections; E.histolytica was found in 16.8%, Giardia in 14.8% and both in 1.8% of our preschool children. Regarding the prevalence of helminthes in our study, we found that Ascaris infection was 14% of all cases. While The prevalence rates of Ancylostoma duodenale , E.vermicularis and H.nana infections were 5%, 4% and 0.2% respectively. In our study mixed parasitic infestation was reported in 3.6% of cases who had double infestations. Most of infested children were belonging to low social class (45.9%) while most of non infected ones belonged to high social class (45.2%). The clinical characteristics of infected children showed that abdominal colic, anorexia, were the commonest symptoms while pallor, pitriasis alba were the commonest signs. Our study revealed significantly lower WAZ and WHZ among infested children compared to non infested ones. Moreover, stunting is found in 23% of infested children, underweight in 13.8% while wasting in 6.2%. In this work the prevalence of anemia was 39% of studied group; prevalence among children infected with parasites was significantly higher than that among non infected children (48.2% and 28.8% respectively). Logistic regression analysis showed that the prevalence rate of parasitic infestation was attributed to the lack of sanitary measures such as improper hand washing, and playing in the street bare footed, playing with animals as well as infected family members.

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Other Titles تقدير معدل انتشارالأمراض الطفيلية بين الأطفال قبل سن المدرسة في مدينة دمنهور والكشف عن تأثيرها على نموهم
Issue Date 2015

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