ONCOPLASTIC SURGERY IN BREAST CANCER

Islam Samir Abdel Fattah


Abstract


Breast cancer is the most common malignancy among women and the fifth cause of death due to cancer both in the less developed (LDCs) and more developed (MDCs) countries worldwide. The lymphatic drainage of the breast is of great importance in the spread of malignant disease of the breast. The primary route of lymphatic drainage of the breast is through the axillary lymph node groups Therefore, it is essential that the clinician understand the anatomy of the grouping of lymph nodes within the axilla. More than 75% of the lymph from the breast passes to the axillary lymph nodes. Most of the remainder of the lymph passes to the parasternal nodes. The important muscles in the region of the breast are the pectoralis major and minor, serratus anterior, and latissimus dorsi muscles, as well as the aponeurosis of the external oblique and rectus abdominis muscle. Breast carcinomas include; ductal, lobular, and special types as inflammatory carcinoma, Paget’s disease & mucinous carcinoma. Management of breast cancer depends on three main components; diagnosis of breast cancer, the required investigations and the relevant treatment according to staging. The management of patients with breast cancer has evolved over the past couple of decades as a result of a better understanding of the biologic behavior of breast cancer, advances in adjuvant chemotherapy and hormonal therapy, advances in radiographic detection of early-stage breast cancer, and the implementation of breast conservation therapy and sentinel lymph node biopsy.


Other data

Other Titles جراحة الأورام التجميلية لسرطان الثدى
Issue Date 2014
URI http://research.asu.edu.eg/handle/12345678/9430


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