Feeding patterns of Phlebotomus papatasi and Phlebotomus langeroni (Diptera: Psychodidae) in El Agamy, Egypt

El Sawaf, Bahira ; Mansour N. ; el Said S. ; Daba S. ; Youssef F. ; Kenawy M. ; Beier J. 


Blood meals from 602 Phlebotomus papatasi (Scopoli) and 49 Phlebotomus langeroni Nitzulescu were collected in El Agamy, Egypt, and were identified using counterimmunoelectrophoresis. Blood meals were tested against specific antisera of eight vertebrate hosts (human, cat, dog, rat, sheep, goat, general avian, and general bovine). Of 597 P. papatasi collected indoors, 594 contained human blood and three had mixed blood meals (human-dog, human-rat, and human-avian). Four of five P. papatasi collected outdoors contained human blood and one contained avian blood. All 39 P. langeroni collected indoors had fed on humans. Six of 10 outdoor-collected P. langeroni had fed on human blood, 2 on dog, 1 on cat, and 1 on rat blood. Both P. papatasi and P. langeroni feed predominantly on humans in El Agamy, Egypt. The documented feeding on humans and dogs by P. langeroni supports the role of this species as the primary vector of visceral leishmaniasis at the El Agamy focus.

Other data

Issue Date 1-Jan-1989
Journal Journal of medical entomology 
URI http://research.asu.edu.eg/123456789/1012

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