Urinary tract injuries during cesarean section in patients with morbid placental adherence: retrospective cohort study

Nawara, Maii ; Elkotb AM. ; Abdelshafy A. ; Abdelhadi R. ; Al-Sayed HM. ; Ibrahim AM ; Sabaa H. ; Abdallah AA ; Nossair W ; Fares T ; Abdelrahman HS ; Abbas AM ; Alanwar A. 


Abstract


© 2017 Informa UK Limited, trading as Taylor & Francis Group Background/objective: The purpose of this study is to evaluate the cases of lower urinary tract injuries during cesarean section with or without hysterectomy in cases with morbid placental adherence. Methods: This record based retrospective study was conducted at Ain Shams University Maternity Hospital in Cairo, Egypt during the period between January 2014 and December 2016. It included all patients who had urinary tract injuries during cesarean section with or without hysterectomy in the cases with morbid placental adherence and they were collected from files of pregnant women who were admitted at hospital planned for termination of pregnancy. Patients were enrolled in four groups, Group 1: cases without urinary tract injuries. Group 2: cases with injuries to the bladder. Group 3: cases with injuries of the ureter. Group 4: cases with injuries to the bladder and ureter. Results: This study gave us new information about the incidence of urinary tract injuries during cesarean section with morbid adherence placenta was 21.7% (Bladder 11.7%, Ureter 4.7%, and bladder with ureter 5.3%). There were various types of repair of urinary tract injury, as the following, bladder repair 10.8%, ureteric catheterization 0.9%, ureterovesical repair or reimplantation 1.5%, bladder repair and ureterovesical 1.2%, bladder repair and ureteric catheterization 2.3%, ureteric catheterization and ureterovesical 1.5 and 6.4% of cases needed urologic consultations. There is a real relation between urinary tract injury and obesity (55.3%). Bladder invasion wa s found in only 26.9% of all cases according to sonography findings. Most of the cases were delivered by cesarean section in 67.5%, and the remainders were delivered by cesarean hysterectomy 32.5%. About 96.5% of cases needed a blood transfusion. Conclusions: The morbid adherent placenta is still a challenge, which faces us as obstetricians, due to high morbidity and mortality. A multidisciplinary team is mandatory to avoid complications.


Other data

Issue Date 1-Dec-2017
Journal Journal of Maternal-Fetal and Neonatal Medicine 
URI http://research.asu.edu.eg/123456789/1107
DOI 1
https://api.elsevier.com/content/abstract/scopus_id/85036571713
1476-4954
10.1080/14767058.2017.1408069


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