EFFECT OF SOME FACTORS ON THE MICROPROPAGATION AND MICROGRAFTING OF SOME GRAPE ROOTSTOCKS IN VITRO

Sammona, O.S.; N.A. Abde Elhamid and M.S.F. Samaan ; samaan, Mina 


Abstract


This study aimed to investigate the attitude of three nematode and phylloxera resistant grape rootstocks (Freedom, Ramsey and SO4) through the micropropagation stages till be micrografted by Superior scions. During that the effect of paclobu-trazol (PP333) on rootstocks stem diameter, trans-verse sections in graft union regions and acclimati-zation of resulted micrografts were studied. The results proved that the most effective sterilization durations using 1% NaOCl were 15 min for Free-dom and SO4 explants as they achieved 0.00 and 0.00%of contamination and 100% and 90% of survival percentages respectively, while 10 min duration was sufficient for Ramsey explants as it achieved 0.00 % contamination and 100% survival percentages. Significantly, Ramsey achieved the highest number of shoots (1.25), Freedom gave the tallest shoots (4.13 cm)and SO4 got the high-est leaf number (7.33) all on MS medium. In multi-plication stage; Freedom rootstock proved to be the most reacted rootstock as it significantly ac-complished the highest shoot number (2.00) when planted on BA medium, the tallest shoots (3.54 cm) when planted on TDZ medium and the highest leaf number on Kin medium. Whereas, in order to get thicker shoots for easier grafting; using of PP333 at 5 mgl-1 significantly was the best for Freedom (3.55 mm) followed by SO4 (3.03 mm) and Ramsey (2.85 mm) rootstocks. In micrograft-ing stage, Superior micrografts significantly achieved the best results on rooted Freedom root-stocksin scion survival (100.00%) and on un rooted rootstocks in scion bud burst (75.00 %), graft union formation (50.00%), rooting (75.00%). On the same trend, Freedom rootstock was more active in cell dividing activity when grafted by Superior culti-var compared to Ramsey and SO4 rootstocks which were very poor in producing callus cells in graft union. Finally, Freedom rootstock grafted with Superior gained the highest survival (100%) after acclimatization.


Other data

Keywords Anatomical study, Grape rootstocks, In vitro propagation, Micropropagation, Micrografting
Issue Date 2018
Publisher Arab Univ. J. Agric. Sci., Ain Shams Univ., Cairo, 26(1), 133-146, 2018
URI http://research.asu.edu.eg/handle/123456789/1590


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