The antimutagenicity of 2-substituted selenazolidine-4-(R)-carboxylic acids

El-Sayed, Wael ; Hussin, Warda A ; Franklin, Michael R 


Selenium can have cancer chemopreventive activity, although the mechanism of action has not been well defined. Selenazolidine-4-(R)-carboxylic acids (SCAs) were devised as prodrugs of L-selenocysteine, to provide selenium in a form and at a concentration commensurate with cancer chemopreventive activity. In the present study, a series of selenazolidines has been evaluated in the Salmonella typhimurium TA98 tester strain and all were found to possess antimutagenic activity. There was little difference between the seven selenazolidines in their effectiveness against either benzo[a]pyrene (B[a]P) or 3,6-bis(dimethylamino)acridine (acridine orange), agents which differ in their requirement for mammalian enzyme bioactivation for mutagenicity. Antimutagenic activity against acridine orange was dependent on selenazolidine concentration, and EC50 values were in the 5-10 microM range. At 25 microM, the concentration tested in common for the two mutagens, the selenazolidines were more effective antimutagens against acridine orange than against B[a]P, with reductions in mutant frequency ranging from 54 to 71% for B[a]P and 79 to 93% for acridine orange. Efficacy against B[a]P was not enhanced when the concentration was increased to 50 microM. The similarity in efficacy among the selenazolidines against B[a]P mutagenicity, contrasted with inter-compound differences in their ability to inhibit S9 CYP1A activity. The CYP1A Ki values ranged from a low of 63 microM (2-[2'-hydroxyphenyl]SCA) to a high of 1.1mM (2-cyclohexylSCA), but all were above the concentration required to inhibit mutagenicity by 50%. Thus, all the SCAs possess antimutagenic activity against both B[a]P and acridine orange, the efficacy varies little between the individual selenazolidines, and for B[a]P, the efficacy is not proportional to the inhibitory effect on the mutagen bioactivating enzyme.

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Issue Date 5-Mar-2007
Journal Mutation research 

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