Hepatic chemoprotective enzyme responses to 2-substituted selenazolidine-4(R)-carboxylic acids

El-Sayed, Wael ; Franklin, Michael R 


In epidemiology and human supplementation studies, as well as many animal models, selenium has shown antitumorigenic activity. The mechanism of action, however, has not been satisfactorily resolved. Selenium supplementation affects many enzymes in addition to those where selenocysteine is an essential component. Such enzymes include cytoprotective detoxifying enzymes, and the regulation of these enzymes by a set of 2-substituted selenazolidine-4(R)-carboxylic acids (SCAs) has been investigated. Following seven consecutive daily doses of these prodrugs of L-selenocysteine, changes in hepatic enzyme activities and/or mRNA levels of glutathione transferase (GST), microsomal epoxide hydrolase (mEH), NAD(P)H-quinone oxidoreductase (NQO), UDP-glucuronosyltransferase (UGT), glutathione peroxidase (GPx), and thioredoxin reductase (TR) have been observed. Among the enzymes examined, UGTs and GPx were found to be the least affected. Among the compounds, 2-oxoSCA produced the most changes and 2-phenylSCA produced the least, none. For no two compounds was the pattern of changes identical, and for a single compound, few changes were reproduced in common by the two routes of administration investigated. In general, more changes were elicited following intraperitoneal (i.p.) administration than with the intragastric (i.g.) route. This dominance was typified by 2-butylSCA and 2-cyclohexylSCA where enzyme activity elevations (TR and mEH with both, NQO with 2-butylSCA) were seen only with the i.p. route. With 2-oxoSCA, however, GST, TR, and NQO activities were found to be elevated independent of route. Only with GST (both routes) and TR (i.p. route), elevations in mRNAs accompanied the 2-oxoSCA elicited elevations of activities at the time of sacrifice. For some enzymes, most notably mEH with compounds administered i.p., elevations in mRNAs were not manifest as increased enzyme activity. Thus, although constituting a closely related series of compounds, each 2-substituted SCA produced its own unique pattern of changes, and for most members, changes were predominant following i.p. administration.

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Issue Date 2006
Journal Journal of biochemical and molecular toxicology 
URI http://research.asu.edu.eg/handle/123456789/1628

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