Protein modification and replicative senescence of WI-38 human embryonic fibroblasts

Ahmed, Emad, Rogowska-Wrzesinska, A., Roepstorff, P., Bulteau, A.-L., Friguet, B.,

Abstract


Oxidized proteins as well as proteins modified by the lipid peroxidation product 4-hydroxy-2-nonenal (HNE) and by glycation (AGE) have been shown to accumulate with aging in vivo and during replicative senescence in vitro. To better understand the mechanisms by which these damaged proteins build up and potentially affect cellular function during replicative senescence of WI-38 fibroblasts, proteins targeted by these modifications have been identified using a bidimensional gel electrophoresisbased proteomic approach coupled with immunodetection of HNE-, AGE-modified and carbonylated proteins. Thirty-seven proteins targeted for either one of these modifications were identified by mass spectrometry and are involved in different cellular functions such as protein quality control, energy metabolism and cytoskeleton. Almost half of the identified proteins were found to be mitochondrial, which reflects a preferential accumulation of damaged proteins within the mitochondria during cellular senescence. Accumulation of AGE-modified proteins could be explained by the senescence-associated decreased activity of glyoxalase-I, the major enzyme involved in the detoxification of the glycating agents methylglyoxal and glyoxal, in both cytosol and mitochondria. This finding suggests a role of detoxification systems in the age-related build-up of damaged proteins. Moreover, the oxidized protein repair system methionine sulfoxide reductase was more affected in the mitochondria than in the cytosol during cellular senescence. Finally, in contrast to the proteasome, the activity of which is decreased in senescent fibroblasts, the mitochondrial matrix ATP-stimulated Lon-like proteolytic activity is increased in senescent cells but does not seem to be sufficient to cope with the increased load of modified mitochondrial proteins. © 2010 The Authors Journal compilation © Blackwell Publishing Ltd/Anatomical Society of Great Britain and Ireland 2010.


Other data

Title Protein modification and replicative senescence of WI-38 human embryonic fibroblasts
Authors Ahmed, Emad ; Rogowska-Wrzesinska, A. ; Roepstorff, P. ; Bulteau, A.-L. ; Friguet, B. 
Issue Date 2010
Journal Aging Cell 
DOI 2
252
http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?eid=2-s2.0-77953251777&partnerID=MN8TOARS
9
1474-9726
10.1111/j.1474-9726.2010.00555.x
PubMed ID 9
Scopus ID 2-s2.0-77953251777

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