Paromomycin production from Streptomyces rimosus NRRL 2455: statistical optimization and new synergistic antibiotic combinations against multidrug resistant pathogens
Aboshanab K., Hassouna NA, Yassien MA,, El-Housseiny GS, Ibrahim AA,
Response surface methodology (RSM) employing Box-Behnken design was used to optimize the environmental factors for the production of paromomycin, a 2 deoxystreptamine aminocyclitol aminoglycoside antibiotic, (2DOS-ACAGA) from Streptomyces (S.) rimosus NRRL 2455. Emergence of bacterial resistance caught our attention to consider the combination of antimicrobial agents. The effect of paromomycin combination with other antimicrobial agents was tested on some multiple drug resistant isolates. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first report on optimization of paromomycin production from S. rimosus NRRL 2455. A Quadratic model and response surface method were used by choosing three model factors; pH, incubation time and inoculum size. A total of 17 experiments were done and the response of each experiment was recorded. Concerning the effect of combining paromomycin with different antimicrobial agents, it was tested using the checkerboard assay against six multidrug resistant (MDR) pathogens including; Pseudomonas (P.) aeruginosa (2 isolates), Klebsiella (K.) pneumoniae, Escherichia (E.) coli, methicillin sensitive Staphylococcus aureus (MSSA) and methicillin resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA). Paromomycin was tested in combination with ceftriaxone, ciprofloxacin, ampicillin/sulbactam, azithromycin, clindamycin and doxycycline.
|Title||Paromomycin production from Streptomyces rimosus NRRL 2455: statistical optimization and new synergistic antibiotic combinations against multidrug resistant pathogens||Authors||Aboshanab K. ; Hassouna NA ; Yassien MA, ; El-Housseiny GS ; Ibrahim AA||Issue Date||2019||Journal||BMC Microbiology||URI||http://research.asu.edu.eg/handle/123456789/170135||DOI||1471-2180
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