Effect of Vitex Agnus Custus (VAC) on Premenstrual Syndromes among Nursing Students

Randa M. Ibrahim; Saher M. Soliman and Hisham M. Mahmoud ; Mossa Soliman, Sahar 


Background: Premenstrual syndrome (PMS) is particularly common problem in the younger age groups. PMS has occasional extreme negative effect on quality of life. An intervention study had been done to evaluate the effect of Vitex Agnus Castus on nursing students’ premenstrual syndromes and health related quality of life. The study conducted at Faculty of Nursing Ain Shams University. It started at beginning of January 2011 and completed by January 2012. One hundred twelve students at different academic level were recruited on the study using systematic random sample technique. Three tools were used for data collection named structured interviewing questionnaire sheet, Prospective Record of the Impact and Severity of Menstrual Symptoms (PRISM calendar), and 36-item Short Form Health Survey (SF-36). Results of the current study revealed that student s’ age ranged between 18 to 24 years with mean age (20.59 ± 1.42years). Students from urban area were represented 63.4%. Mean duration of menstrual bleeding (5.23 ± 1.2 days), previous different method were used by 79.5% of students to relieve PMS. In addition, 36.6%, 33.9%, and 29.5% of students had sever, moderate, and mild degree of PMS, respectively at initial assessment. Meanwhile, 69.6% of students their PMS were completely relieved at final assessment, while, 8.1%, 13.4% and 8.9% of students had sever, moderate, and mild degree of PMS, respectively which indicates highly statistically significant difference between them before and after using VAC. Furthermore, a highly statistically significant difference was found between PMS before and after use of VAC. Also, students' HRQOL was significant improved after use of VAC. In Conclusion the present study concluded that VAC is effective for treatment of PMS that reflected upon improve nursing students' health related quality of life, the effects being confirmed by physician and students. The effects are detected in most main symptoms of the syndrome, the study recommended that considering VAC herbal remedy as one of most effective therapeutic option for women suffering from PMS.

Other data

Keywords Vitex Agnus Casts- Premenstrual Syndromes - Health Related Quality of Life
Issue Date 2-Apr-2012
Publisher http://www.americanscience.org
Source http://www.americanscience.org
Journal Journal of American Science 
Series/Report no. 8;4
Description Effect of Vitex Agnus Custus (VAC) on Premenstrual Syndromes among Nursing Students
URI http://research.asu.edu.eg/handle/123456789/1706
ISSN 1545-1003 (print); ISSN 2375-7264 (online)

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