Biocontrol of Phaseolus vulgaris root rot using Arbuscular mycorrhizae

Hathout Tahani A, Felaifel M. S, Samia M. El- Kahllal, and Rabab A. Gad. ; aboghalia, hoda 


Abstract


The arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi (AM fungi) as mixture of Glomus spp. was used to induce resistance in Phaseolus vulgaris against root rot disease caused by Rhizoctonia solani. Results showed that % disease incidence was significantly reduced in AM- inoculated plants as compared with infected an AM-free control. Production of hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) and level of lipid peroxidation increased in both roots and shoots bean plants with increasing the time of infection. AM fungi markedly alleviated oxidative stress in infected bean plants, thus levels of H2O2 and lipid peroxidation was markedly reduced. Also, activity of antioxidant enzymes (catalase, ascorbate peroxidase and superoxide dismutase) significantly increased in bean tissues in response to both R. solani and /or AM fungus. The highest enzyme activity was recorded in shoots of 14 days old plants inoculated with AM fungi. Total phenolic compounds and various phenolic acids especially cinnamic and ferulic acids greatly increased in roots of bean plants infected with R. solani and /or inoculated with AM fungi. However, coumarin was found only in AM-treated plants. But quercetin markedly increased in bean roots infected by R. solani and decreased in AM –treated plants, as compared with non-infected control. Finally, activity of lignification enzymes (polyphenol oxidase, peroxidase and phenylalanine- ammonia lyase) increased in all infected plants. Our results indicate that AM fungi increased resistance in infected bean plants by inducing both antioxidant system and phenolic compounds pathway.


Other data

Keywords AM fungi, Rhizoctonia solani, Phaseolus vulgaris, antioxidant enzymes, phenolic compounds.
Issue Date 2010
Journal Egypt. J. Agric. Res. 
URI http://research.asu.edu.eg/handle/123456789/2087


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