Genetic selection for growth performance and thermal tolerance under high ambient temperature after two generations using heat shock protein 90 expression as an index

Lamiaa Mostafa Radwan ; Mahrous M. 


© CSIRO. Genetic selection for productive performance in high ambient temperatures was performed on two chicken strains, Rhode Island Red and Sinai, for two generations, and the heritable responses to tolerance were estimated using heat shock protein 90 (HSP90) gene expression. The results are summarised as follows: (1) heat stress negatively affected some economic traits, mainly bodyweight. This effect was more pronounced in the parent stock than in the first generation (F1) and second generation (F2). (2) This effect was modulated by the chicken strain, and the decreased bodyweight was more pronounced in RI strain than in the Sinai strain, indicating that the Sinai strain is more tolerant to high ambient temperature. (3) The offspring (F1and F2) of both strains were more tolerant to high ambient temperature; this trend was also true for the parents of these two strains. (4) HSP90 mRNA expression was the same in both strains under normal conditions in all three generations. (5) Under high ambient temperature conditions, the Sinai strain (all generations) showed significantly increased HSP90 mRNA expression compared with the Rhode Island Red strain. These findings suggest that heat tolerance is passed from parents to offspring. We recommended that selection for heat-stress tolerance be applied to producing commercial strains reared in hot climate conditions.

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Issue Date 9-May-2018
Journal Animal Production Science 

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