Effect of long-term selection for egg production on eggshell quality of Japanese quail (coturnix japonica)

Lamiaa Mostafa Radwan ; M.M.Fathi ; A. E. El-Dlebshany ; M. Bahie El-Deen ; G.Rayan 


An experiment was conducted to evaluate egg quality and ultrastuctural measurements of eggshell using a Scanning Electron Microscope (SEM) in 2 lines (selected and control) of Japanese quail. A selection program was applied over 22 consecutive generations for higher egg production and lower broken egg percentage. The results revealed that the females of the selected line produced significantly (P < 0.01) higher egg mass compared to that of the control line. Also, the selection procedure significantly improved feed conversion ratio. The eggshells of the selected line had a higher breaking strength compared to those of the controlline,althoughtherewasnodifferencebetweenthem in shell thickness. Significantly higher wet (P < 0.01) and dry (P < 0.05) eggshell percentages were found in the selected line. In general, the eggshells of the selected line had a lower total score (good) of ultrastructural evaluation compared to the control line. According to scanning electron microscope data, the incidence of certain structural variants was more common in eggshells of the control line suggesting poor shell strength. The incidence of alignment was more prevalent in control eggshells compared to selected ones, suggesting lower resistance to breakage. Late fusion and large interstitial spaces of the palisade layer indicating decreased resistance to fracture were observed in control eggshells. It could be concluded that the improvement eggshell quality may be caused by the long-term selection for lower cracked and broken egg rates from generation to generation.

Other data

Keywords Japanese quail,;scanning electron microscope,;ultrastructural measurements,;eggshell quality
Issue Date 2016
Journal poultry science. July 2016 95 (7) 
URI http://research.asu.edu.eg/handle/123456789/2120
DOI http://dx.doi.org/10.3382/ps/pew233

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