Influence of exogenous enzymes on nutrient digestibility, extent of ruminal fermentation as well as milk production and composition in dairy cows

Gado, Hany ; A.Z.M. Salem ; P.H. Robinson ; M Hassan 


Abstract


This experiment studied effects of a mixture of exogenous enzymes (ZADO®) from anaerobic bacteria on ruminal fermentation, feed intake, digestibility, as well as milk production and composition in cows fed total mixed rations (TMRs; 0.7 corn silage and 0.3 of a concentrate mixture). Twenty lactating multiparous Brown Swiss cows (500 ± 12.4 kg live weight) were randomly assigned into two experimental groups of 10 immediately after calving and fed a TMR with or without (CTRL) addition of 40 g/cow/d of enzymes for 12 weeks. Addition of enzymes increased (P<0.05) rumen microbial N synthesis. Intake of dry matter (DM) and organic matter (OM) was positively influenced (P<0.05) by supplementation, and digestibility of all nutrients was higher (P<0.05) in the total tract of supplemented cows, although the magnitude of the improvement varied among nutrients, with the highest improvement in aNDFom and ADFom (418–584 and 401–532 g/kg respectively; P<0.05) than the other nutrients. Supplementation of enzymes also increased (P<0.05) rumen ammonia N and total short chain fatty acid (SCFA) concentrations, and individual SCFA proportions were also altered with an increase in acetate (61.0–64.8 mol/100 mol; P=0.05) before feeding, and acetate and propionate increased 3 h post-feeding (60.0–64.0 and 18.3–20.8 mol/100 mol respectively; P<0.05). Milk and milk protein production was higher (12.8–15.7 and 0.45–0.57 kg/d respectively; P<0.05) for cows fed the ZADO® supplemented diet. This exogenous enzyme product, supplemented daily to the TMR of cows in early lactation, increased milk production due to positive effects on nutrient intake and digestibility, extent of ruminal fermentation and microbial protein synthesis.


Other data

Keywords ZADO;Enzymes;Digestibility;SOFA;Rumen microbial protein;Milk production
Issue Date 28-Oct-2009
Publisher Elsevier
Journal Animal Feed Science and Technology Volume 154 Issue 1-2 
URI http://research.asu.edu.eg/handle/123456789/2132


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