Frequent Foliar Sprayings of Salicylic Acid with Elevated Concentrations Enhance Growth, Yield and Fruit Quality of Strawberry (Fragaria x ananassa Duch. cv. Festival) Plants

Youssef, Sabry ; Abu El-Azm, Nashwa ; Abd Elhady, Salama 


Salicylic acid regulates several physiological and biochemical processes in plants. The previous studies on strawberry used salicylic acid with low concentrations varied from 0.5 mM to 2.0 mM which was sprayed once, twice or three times. The highest concentrations of salicylic acid with the maximum times of applications gave the highest values of growth and yield parameters. To study the effect of frequent foliar sprayings of salicylic acid with elevated concentrations (0.0, 1.0, 2.0, 3.0, 4.0, 5.0, 6.0, or 7.0 mM) applied every 10 days during all the growth stages of strawberry cv. Festival plants, a field experiment was conducted during 2013/2014 and 2014/2015 seasons at the Experimental Farm of Horticulture Department, Faculty of Agriculture, Ain Shams University, Qalubia Governorate, Egypt. Compared with the watersprayed plants, salicylic acid spraying up to 5.0 mM had positive and significant effects on the vegetative growth parameters, leaf SPAD readings, leaf relative water content, leaf membrane stability index, leaf content of macronutrients, number of fruits/plant, early and total yields/plant, and fruit soluble solids content. Salicylic acid at 4.0 mM gave the highest significant values of the aforementioned parameters. Moreover, increasing salicylic acid concentrations significantly reduced nitrate content in the fruits. In addition, a comparative microscopic examination showed thatsalicylic acid at 4.0 mM increased the cellthickness of both upper and lower epidermis, and the thicknesses of palisade and spongy tissues. Salicylic acid spraying at 4.0 could offer an economic, rapid, applicable, and effective way for enhancing growth, yield and fruit quality of strawberry cv. Festival.

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Keywords Strawberry, Salicylic acid, Relative water content, Membrane stability, Scanning electron microscopy, Nitrate content, Yield.
Issue Date 2017
Publisher National Information and Documentation Center (NIDOC), Academy of Scientific Research and Technology (ASRT)
Journal Egyptian Journal of Horticulture, 44 (1): 61 - 74 
Description Egypt. J. Hort. Vol. 44, No.1, pp.61 - 74 (2017)
ISSN 2357-0903
DOI 10.21608/EJOH.2017.1100.1008

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