Theophylline, an old drug with multi-faceted effects: Its potential benefits in immunological liver injury in rats

Hussein R. ; Elsirafy O. ; Wahba Y. ; Kawy H. ; Hasanin A. ; Hamam G. 


Abstract


© 2015 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved. Aim: A low dose of theophylline enhances histone deacetylase activity leading to inhibition of proinflammatory transcription, and inhibits lung fibroblast proliferation. The present work investigated the effect of lowdose theophylline on biochemical and histological pictures of liver tissues in rats with immunological hepatic injury induced by concanavalin A (Con A). Main methods: Ratswere assigned to control vehicle, model (Con A) and theophylline groups. Half of the animals in each group were sacrificed at the end of the 4th week and the other half were sacrificed at the end of the 8th week. Key findings: There was a time-dependent increase in the liver injury parameters by the end of the 4th and 8th weeks in the Con A treated group. Theophylline (20 mg/kg/day), produced a significant decrease in serum liver enzymes (ALT, AST), serum interferon gamma (IFN-γ) levels and the hepatic transforming growth factor- β (TGF-β) level. A significant decrease in liver tissue hydroxyproline content together with reduction in portal hypertension at the end of the 8th week was detected compared to the Con A group. Theophylline treated rats exhibited a significant decrease in hepatic vacuolation, apoptosis, leucocyte infiltration, and accumulation of collagen fibers in comparison to the Con A group. In addition, significant decreases in the area percentage of fibrosis and the area percentage of caspase +ve cells were reported compared to the Con A group. Significance: Theophylline effectively reduced the inflammation of liver tissues and alleviated the liver damage by decreasing IFN-γ and TGF-β in liver tissues of rats with immunological hepatic injury.


Other data

Issue Date 24-Jul-2015
Publisher PERGAMON-ELSEVIER SCIENCE LTD
Journal Life Sciences 
URI http://research.asu.edu.eg/123456789/509
DOI 100
http://api.elsevier.com/content/abstract/scopus_id/84937422061
136
1879-0631
10.1016/j.lfs.2015.06.028


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