Effect of single and double sintering on microstructure and magnetic properties of Gd-substituted Ni-Cd ferrites

Eltabey, M.M. ; Agami, W.R. 


Abstract


Two different groups, I and II, which are fired one and two times, respectively, from Ni-Cd ferrites of chemical formula Ni 0.7 Cd 0.3 Gd x Fe 2-x O 4 (x = 0 to x = 0.1 with step = 0.025) have been prepared by conventional ceramic method. The effect of Gd-substitution on the microstructure and magnetic properties of the two groups has been studied. X-ray patterns indicated the presence of a minor secondary phase with the spinel phase at Gd-concentrations with x = 0.075 and 0.1. SEM and VSM are used to investigate the microstructure and to measure the magnetization of the samples at room temperature, respectively. The initial permeability is measured as a function of temperature and Curie temperature is determined. It was found that there are considerable differences in the microstructure and the magnetic properties of the two groups. Although the Gd-substitution decreased the values of both saturation magnetization M s and initial permeability μ i , the value of Curie temperature T C has been improved. Moreover, the double sintering process improved the magnetization and densification of samples. © 2013 ASM International.


Other data

Issue Date 2013
Journal Journal of Materials Engineering and Performance 
URI http://research.asu.edu.eg/123456789/689
DOI 11
3461
http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?eid=2-s2.0-84888874250&partnerID=MN8TOARS
22
10.1007/s11665-013-0609-9


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