Thermal microstructural changes of grain-supported limestones

Soltan, A.M.M. ; Kahl, W.A. ; Hazem, M.M. ; Wendschuh, M. ; Fischer, R.X. ; hazem, mahmoud 


The microstructure of grainstone, grain-supported limestone, samples representing different geographic and stratigraphic intervals in Egypt were examined before and after calcination at 950°C for 0.25, 0.5, 1 and 2 h. The examination utilized are X-ray diffraction (XRD), X-ray fluorescence (XRF), transmitted light microscopy (TLM), scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and X-ray micro tomography (μ-CT). Both the free lime content and reactivity of the produced quicklime were measured. The quicklime produced at 950°C for 0.25 and 0.5 h is un-reactive (R DIN < 10) due to its low content of free lime. However, quicklime produced at 1 and 2 h conditions is highly reactive (R DIN > 30) with variable reactivity due to the differences in the lime microfabric. The grainstones enriched in nummulites resulted in quicklime of higher reactivity than those dominated by foraminifera, peloids and miliolids. This is mainly attributed to the preservation of the intraparticle pores of the original limestone and the development of pinhole and fracture micropores. The shape of pores and not their amount is the main controlling variable in the quicklime reactivity. The grainstones enriched in fracture pores showed more reactive lime, whereas those with compact structures are less reactive post calcination. © 2011 Springer-Verlag.

Other data

Issue Date 2011
Journal Mineralogy and Petrology 
DOI 1-4

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