Evaluation of local site effect in the western side of the Suez Canal area by applying H/V and MASW techniques

Mohamed E. ; Shokry M. ; Hassoup A. ; Helal A. ; Farag, Mohammed 


Abstract


© 2016 Elsevier Ltd The soft sediments are one of the most important factors responsible for the amplification of the seismic ground motion in an area of study. Three components, single-station microtremor measurements were performed at 61 sites along the Suez Canal to estimate the fundamental frequencies of the soil and corresponding H/V amplitude ratios by using the horizontal-to-vertical spectral ratio (HVSR) method. We have applied the investigations of the shear wave velocity for supplementing the existing seismic microzonation of the Suez Canal. The multichannel analysis of surface wave (MASW) tests were done along the Suez Canal in the three cities, Suez, Ismailia, and Port Said using 24 channels digital engineering seismograph with 4.5 Hz geophones from September 2014 to January 2015 to get the shear wave velocity V S30 . The SeisImager/SW software was used for analyzing the data, and 1D-shear wave velocity model have achieved for each site. The HVSR curves show that the fundamental frequency values are ranging from 0.57 to 1.08 Hz, and H/V amplitude ratios are ranging from 4.05 to 6.46. The average values of V S30 are (548, 301), (241, 319), (194, 110, 238) for Suez, Ismailia, and Port Said respectively. The average of shear wave velocity up to 30 m depth is estimated and used for site classification based on the National Earthquake Hazard Reduction Program (NEHRP) classification. The majority of the sites was classified as Class D (stiff soil) except one site at Port Said city is classified as Class E (soft soils), and another site in the Suez city is classified as Class C (hard rock).


Other data

Keywords H/V spectral ratio, Shear wave velocity, Multichannel analysis of surface wave, Site classification, Microtremor data
Issue Date 1-Nov-2016
Journal Journal of African Earth Sciences 
URI http://research.asu.edu.eg/123456789/895
DOI 403
http://api.elsevier.com/content/abstract/scopus_id/84983747485
123
10.1016/j.jafrearsci.2016.07.004


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