Immunohistochemical expression of CD117 and vascular endothelial growth factor in retinoblastoma: possible targets of new therapies

Youssef NS ; Azza Mohamed Ahmed Said 


CD117 (C-kit) is thought to play an important role in tumourigenesis. There are limited data in the literature concerning C-kit expression in retinoblastoma. To date, no immunohistochemical studies have been performed to assess the possible association of C-kit with vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) in retinoblastoma. This study was designed to investigate C-kit and VEGF immunoexpression in retinoblastoma, their relationship with prognostic parameters as well as the correlation between them. A prospective immunohistochemical study was conducted on 56 retinoblastoma cases. Patients who had received preoperative chemotherapy were excluded. Positive C-kit and VEGF immunoreactivity was observed in 48.2% and 76.8% of retinoblastoma cases respectively. No C-kit immunostaining was seen in the adjacent uninvolved retina. However, VEGF expression was detected within its vasculature. Retinoblastomas with combined pattern of tumour growth revealed a highly significant positive C-kit expression (P = 0.002) compared to cases with endophytic or exophytic growths. Also, positive C-kit expression was statistically higher in cases with optic nerve invasion (P = 0.001) and choroidal invasion (P ≤ 0.01) compared to negative cases. A highly significant positive VEGF expression was detected in cases with optic nerve invasion (P = 0.013) compared to negative cases. Moreover, a highly significant positive correlation was detected between C-kit and VEGF expression (P = 0.006). C-kit is a feature of more aggressive retinoblastomas, with increased expression in tumours spreading beyond the retina. Moreover, VEGF is vastly expressed in retinoblastoma and is associated with optic nerve invasion. Both C-kit and VEGF may represent potential therapeutic targets for retinoblastomas.

Other data

Issue Date 2014
Journal International journal of clinical and experimental pathology 

File Description SizeFormat 
CD 117 and VEGF.pdf2.64 MBAdobe PDFView/Open
Recommend this item

CORE Recommender



Items in Ain Shams Scholar are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.