Vector-host-parasite inter-relationships in leishmaniasis. III. Impact of blood meal from natural vertebrate hosts on the survival and the development of Leishmania infantum and L. major in Phlebotomus langeroni (Diptera: Psychodidae)

Daba S. ; Mansour N. ; Youssef F. ; Shanbaky N. ; Shehata M. ; El Sawaf, Bahira 


Phlebotomus langeroni collected from a leishmaniasis endemic focus at Et Agamy, Alexandria, Egypt, were found to have fed on blood from man, dogs (Canis familiaris) and rats (Rattus rattus). The effect of the kind of blood meal on the development and the life-cycle of L. infantum and L. major in laboratory reared P. langeroni was therefore investigated. A membrane feeding technique was used to infect sand flies. Gut smears of infected females were examined immediately after feeding and daily for 16 days. Nectomonads and short promastigote forms of L. infantum or L. major were detected in females fed on human, dog and rat bloods at all intervals. Paramastigotes (infective stage) were present only in females fed on dog blood containing L. infantum or L. major and in those fed on rat blood containing L. major. It is concluded that among the factors influencing the Leishmania-phlebotomus relationship is the natural medium in which the parasite is present in vivo. The blood of the natural reservoir host(s) is the key factor for the development of the infective parasite form in the sand fly and P. langeroni could be considered a potential vector for transmitting L. infantum from dogs and L. major from rats and dogs but not from man. This investigation offers a new concept for the study of interactions among vector, host and parasites in Leishmania transmission.

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Issue Date 1-Jan-1997
Journal Journal of the Egyptian Society of Parasitology 

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