Vector-host-parasite inter-relationships in leishmaniasis. II. Influence of blood meal from natural vertebrate hosts with and without Leishmania infantum and L. major on the proteolytic activity in the gut of Phlebotomus langeroni (Diptera: Psychodidae)Daba S. ; Mansour N. ; Youssef F. ; Shanbaky N. ; Shehata M. ; El Sawaf, Bahira
AbstractProteolytic activity in the gut of Phlebotomus langeroni (Nitzulescu) was studied at four subsequent 24 hours intervals post feeding on human, dog (Canis familiaris), rat (Rattus rattus) and turkey (Melagris gallopava) bloods with and without Leishmania infantum or L. major promastigotes. The gut proteolytic activity increased gradually after feeding to reach a maximum at 48 hours post feeding on any of the 12 studied blood meals. In all cases, the activity declined after 48 hours and almost terminated by 96 hours. In case of normal bloods, the proteolytic activity, at 48 hours post feeding, was the highest in case of dog followed by human, rat and turkey respectively. At this time interval the activity was relatively lower in case of human and dog blood mixed with L. infantum promastigotes than in their respective normal blood. The reverse was true in all other blood meal combinations. Promastigotes were alive and active in fresh gut smears of P. langeroni fed on human, dog and rat bloods mixed with either L. infantum or L. major, throughout the digestion period (1-4 days). They were arrested in P. langeroni within the first day post feeding on turkey blood mixed with either Leishmania species. The results of the present study indicate that the kind of blood meal and the Leishmania species affect the proteolytic activity of P. langeroni. The decrease or increase of the proteolytic activity of P. langeroni has no effect on the survival of Leishmania parasites present in the gut and the kind of blood meal is responsible for their development.
|Issue Date||1-Jan-1997||Journal||Journal of the Egyptian Society of Parasitology||URI||http://research.asu.edu.eg/123456789/999||DOI||3
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