High-performance antibacterial of montmorillonite decorated with silver nanoparticles using microwave-assisted method

Kheiralla, Z.M.H. ; Rushdy, Abeer ; Betiha, M.A. ; Yakob, N.A.N. 


Syntheses of silver nanocomposites (AgNPs@MMT) were fabricated with different silver nanoparticles to montmorillonite clay (MMT) ratios using microwave-assisted synthesis method, and silver nitrate was used as the precursor of silver nanoparticles. The antibacterial activities of the nanocomposite were evaluated against Staphylococcus aureus and Pseudomonas aeruginosa bacteria by the disk diffusion and macrodilution broth techniques. The prepared nanocomposites were characterized by N2adsorption-desorption isotherms, X-ray diffraction (XRD), field emission scanning electron microscope, high-resolution transmission electron microscope (HRTEM), X-ray fluorescence spectroscopy and Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy. The wide-angle XRD patterns and HRTEM images demonstrate that silver nanoparticles were fabricated on surface and within MMT channels. The diameters of the AgNPs were below 15 nm, as indicated by UV-Vis absorption, which effectively controlled by the pores of the MMT host. Data revealed that 5 % AgNP@MMT nanocomposite is much more effective than silver nitrate and shows strong antibacterial activities. The efficiency of antibiotics increased when combined with 5 % AgNP@MMT nanocomposite against both the tested strains. The increase in fold area was higher in case of P. aeruginosa than S. aureus. The highest percentage of fold increases was found for Sulfamethaxole/Trimethoprim and Oxacillin followed by Levofloxaci and Nalidixic acid against P.aeruginosa. On the other hand, Imipenem increases activity in presence of AgNP@MMT nanocomposite against S. aureus. Overall, the synergistic effect of antibiotics and nanoparticles clearly revealed that nanoparticles can be effectively used in combination with antibiotics in order to improve their efficiency against various pathogenic microbes. The suspensions of the synthesized nanocomposites were found to be stable over a long time without any sign of detachment of AgNPs. © 2014 Springer Science+Business Media.

Other data

Issue Date 2014
Journal Journal of Nanoparticle Research 
URI http://research.asu.edu.eg/handle/123456789/155758

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