Antibacterial, antibiofilm and antitumor activities of grape and mulberry leaves ethanolic extracts towards bacterial clinical strains

Elshahat M. Ramadan, Khadiga A. Abou-Taleb, Gehan F. Galal, Nermin S. Abdel-Hamid ; Abou-Taleb, Khadiga 


Abstract


The minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) and minimum bactericidal concentration (MBC) were measured at concentrations of 0.01–2.56 mg/mL of grape and mulberry leaves ethanolic extracts. The MIC values were ranged from 0.08 to 0.16 mg/mL against Ps. aeruginosa Ps9, and 0.32 mg/mL against each of S. aureus St3, E. coli Ec3, and S. typhi Sa1. Whereas, the MBC values were ranged from 0.32 to 1.28 mg/mL of the tested extracts. The effects of the tested extracts were also studied representing the bactericidal effect of the grape extract with a ratio of 2 against all investigated isolates, except S. typhi Sa1. Whereas, the mulberry extract had a bactericidal effect towards S. aureus St3 and E. coli Ec3 with ratio of 2, and a bacteriostatic effect against Ps. aeruginosa Ps9 and S. typhi Sa1 with a ratio ≥4. The investigated bacteria found to have a strong ability to form biofilms with densities ranged from 0.67 to 0.80. Both tested extracts inhibited these biofilms with percentages ranged from 48 to 66% at sub-inhibitory concentrations (SICs) ranged from 0.04 to 0.16 mg/mL. In addition, the tested extracts have an excellent cytotoxic activity towards colon cancer cell lines (HCT-16). Five phenolic compounds detected in the tested extracts of grape and mulberry using high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) after 9.53 min of the retention time. The phenolic compounds of both tested extracts were gallic, coumaric, ferulic, chlorogenic and caffeic with concentrations ranged from 1.28 to 6.56 μg/mL.


Other data

Keywords Vitis vinifera, Morus alba, Pathogenic bacteria, Minimum inhibitory concentration, Minimum bactericidal concentration, Antitumor activity, HCT-16 cell line, Phenolic acids
Issue Date 2017
Publisher ELSEVIER
Source Elshahat, M. R., Abou-Taleb Kh. A., Galal, G. F. and Abdel-Hamid, N.S. (2017). Antibacterial, antibiofilm and antitumor activities of grape and mulberry leaves ethanolic extracts towards bacterial clinical strains. Annals of Agricultural Science, 62 (1): 151-159.
Journal Annals of Agricultural Sciences 
URI http://research.asu.edu.eg/handle/123456789/1836
DOI 10.1016/j.aoas.2017.11.002


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